Artist Jan Provost, Netherlandish, ca. 1465 - 1529 and 1532
  • The Last Judgment
Date c. 1525
Medium Oil on oak panel
Dimensions Unframed: 22 3/4 × 23 7/8 inches (57.8 × 60.6 cm)
Framed: 29 5/8 × 30 9/16 × 3 inches (75.3 × 77.6 × 7.6 cm)
Credit Line Gift of James E. Scripps
Accession Number 89.35
Department European Painting
On View European: Medieval and Renaissance W230, Level 2 (see map)
King Louis Philippe I (France);
C.S. Nieuwenhuys (Brussels, Belgium);
1883, John Nieuwenhuys (Brussels, Belgium);
May 4, 1883, sold by (Englebert & Henri Le Roy, Brussels, Belgium) auction J. Nieuwenhuys, lot 1 [as Jérome Van Aeken e. g. Hieronymus Bosch];
1883-1887, purchased and sold by (Bourgeois Frères, Paris, France) [purchased for Belgian frs 6,000];
November 22, 1887, purchased by James E. Scripps (Detroit, Michigan, USA);
1888-present, git to the Detroit Institute of Arts (Detroit, Michigan, USA)
Catalogue of the Scripps Collection. Detroit, 1889, no. 15. [as Jerome Bos or Bosche.]

Scripps, James E. Handbook of the Paintings Ancient and Modern Belonging to the Detroit Museum of Art. Detroit, 1895, pp. 12-13.

Detroit Museum of Art Handbook of Paintings by the Old Masters. Detroit, 1910, p. 21, no. 16.

Bredius, A. Bulletin of the Detroit Museum of Art 8, no. 4 (October 1914): p. 57 (ill.). [as Engelbrechtsen].

Catalogue of Paintings, Sculpture and Contemporary Arts and Crafts. Detroit, 1920, p. 51, no. 40. [as Cornelis Engelbrechtsz.]

Conway, M. The Van Eycks and Their Followers. London, 1921, pp. 451-452.

Friedländer, M. J. Von Eyck bis Bruegel, 2nd ed. Berlin, 1921, pp. 119-120, 197.

Winkler, F. Die Altniederländische Malerei. 1924, p 142 (ill.).

Heil, W. Catalogue of Paintings in the Permanent Collection of the Detroit Institute of Arts. Detroit, 1930, cat. 172 (ill.).

Bulletin of the DIA 13, no. 4 (1932): p. 43.

Friedländer, M. J. Die Altniederländische Malerei, vol. IX. Berlin, 1934, p. 148, no. 157.

Richardson, E.P. Flemish Painting of the Fifteenth and Sixteenth Centuries. Detroit, 1936 (fig. 7). [as Jan Provoost.]

Heil, W. Detroit Institute of Arts Catalogue of Paintings and Sculpture Illustrated. Detroit, 1937, p. 87.

Richardson, E.P., ed. Detroit Institute of Arts Catalogue of Paintings. Detroit, 1944, p. 105, no. 172.

Holbein and his Contemporaries. Exh. cat., John Herron Institute. Indianapolis, 1950, cat. 63 (ill.).

Flight: Fantasy, Fact, Faith. Exh. cat., Dayton Art Institute. Dayton, 1953, cat. 95.

Cummings, Frederick .J. and Charles H. Elam. Detroit Institute of Arts Illustrated Handbook. Detroit, 1971, p. 86.

Friedländer, M.J. Early Netherlandish Painting, vol. 9, part 2. Leiden and Brussels, 1973, pp. 87, 114, no. 157, pl. 171.

Harbison, C. The Last Judgment in Sixteenth Century Northern Europe: A Study of the Relation Between Art and the Reformation. New York and London, 1976, p. 4, cat. 74.

Corwin, N.A. "The Fire Landscape: Its Sources and Its Development from Bosch through Jan Brueghel I, with Special Emphasis on the Mid-Sixteenth Century Bosch 'Revival.'" Ph.D. diss., University of Washington, Seattle, 1976, no. 16, pp. 206-207, pl. 41.

Cummings, Frederick J., ed. Selected Works from the Detroit Institute of Arts. Detroit, 1979, pp. 69, 95, no. 66 (ill.).

Unverfehrt, Gerd. Hieronymus Bosch: die Rezeption seiner Kunst im fruehen 16. Jh. Berlin, 1980, pp. 216-217, 274 (ill.) 208.

Bauman, G.C., and W. Liedtke. Flemish Paintings in America. Antwerp, 1992, p. 356, no. 373 (ill.).

Spronk, R. "Tracing the Making of Jan Provoost's Last Judgment through Technical Examinations and Digital Imaging." Bulletin of the DIA 72, no. 1/2 (1998): 66-79 (ill.).

Die Sammlungen der Hamburger Kunsthalle. Vol. II, Die Niederländischen Gemälde 1500-1800. Hamburg, 2001, pp. 215-216, cited under inv. 323.